Dominican Republic Adoption
This program currently has limited availability. Please contact the International Adoption Consultants at Children of All Nations to learn more.
The Dominican Republic, sharing the island of Hispaniola with Haiti, was the first landmass of the Americas that Christopher Columbus landed on in 1492. Though originally settled by Spaniards, the Dominican Republic, or “DR,” is a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural nation with European, African and Taíno (indigenous tribe of people originating from South America) roots. There is also a large Haitian minority living in the DR. The majority of the population carries Hispanic characteristics, however, with the national language being Spanish.
Governance of Dominican Adoptions
The DR is party to the Hague Treaty on international adoptions. The adoption authority is the National Counsel for Children and Adolescents (CONANI), which handles the adoption process in conjunction with Dominican courts. Children of All Nations is directly accredited by CONANI and works with a reputable law firm to handle all adoption cases successfully in court.
Children available for adoption from the Dominican Republic range from young toddlers to teens. They are often abandoned or found working in the streets due to the poor economic situation of their parents. Dominican children are of Hispanic descent, or are often bi-racial as there is a large Haitian minority in the country. Most children will have brown eyes, light brown or dark brown skin, and black or brown hair.
When adopting from the Dominican Republic, consider you will be adopting the following:
Families considering adopting a child will have access to child’s background information before travel.
In addition to the USCIS eligibility requirements for prospective adoptive parent(s), Dominican Republic has the following adoption eligibility requirements. If you feel you are not eligible to adopt from Dominican Republic, or you are unsure, contact us for a free case-by-case consultation regarding your adoption.
Dominican Republic adoption eligibility requirements are subject to change per Dominican Republic adoption laws. CAN updates these guidelines as necessary.
The time frame to complete international adoption from the Dominican Republic is currently about 18 to 46 months, depending on the time families take to complete their dossier paperwork, their preferences for age and special needs, and country processes. Parents who wish to adopt a child under 2 years old will wait longer for a referral, thus you will fall closer to the end of the estimated timeline above. This time frame is subject to change; please consult CAN for the most current processing times for your adoption from the Dominican Republic.
1. Application and Approval
To adopt a child, please complete our agency application. For your convenience, you may access the application online. If you have any concerns about eligibility requirements, please contact us before filling out this application. We will promptly review your eligibility to adopt from the Dominican Republic once we receive your application. If approved, we will provide you with our agency contract that outlines our fees, services and important information regarding the Dominican Republic adoption process. Upon receipt of your signed contract, CAN will start to provide you placement services for a child from the Dominican Republic.
Once your agency contract is in place, it is time to get started on your dossier. This will include a home study to assess your readiness for international adoption from the Dominican Republic and help prepare you for adoptive parenthood, filing with USCIS for international adoption approval, and gathering your necessary dossier documents. These dossier documents must go through the appropriate notarization and authentication processes. CAN offers a complete Dossier Preparation Service to ease your international adoption and give you peace of mind.
Your dossier will be sent to CONANI, the adoption authority of the Dominican Republic, first being translated and legalized by our in-country lawyers and the translator. Although timelines are hard to predict, you can generally expect a referral 1-2 years after your dossier has been turned in to CONANI, depending on the age of the child you wish to adopt, whether they have special needs, etc. However, if you want to adopt a healthy child under 2, be prepared to wait twice as long.
After you are matched with a child or sibling group, you should be prepared to travel and live in the Dominican for a cohabitation and bonding period of 60 days. For families adopting a child age 12 and over, you may be allowed a bonding period of 30 days, but this is entirely dependent on the local authorities. Both parents must participate in this cohabitation period to bond with the child.
Once the cohabitation/bonding period is complete, there are additional legal and facilitation procedures that must be completed, which can take up to an additional 2 months. At least one parent must stay in the Dominican Republic during the finalization process, but your child will continue to live with you during this time. After the adoption is finalized and an immigrant visa to the U.S. is issued, you may bring your child home.
The Dominican Republic requires 5 post-adoption reports once a year for the first 5 years after the adoption is finalized. These reports demonstrate to the Dominican government the benefits of international adoption for their children.
Children are generally kept in orphanages when they do not have parents or their parents cannot care for them. Unfortunately, there is not a strong foster care system in the Dominican Republic. Though most orphanages are government-funded and public, there are also those that have been set up by private organizations, most of which are religious. Orphanages often receive local and international volunteers, especially if they are near large or touristy cities. Adequate supplies and facilities are generally found, but the standard of living for these children is still extremely low compared to other western cities.
Caretakers do make it a point to provide schooling for the children, whether they have a teacher on site or the kids go to public school. Urban orphanages most often send the children to public school, but rural orphanages with no close proximity to a school will have a teacher or tutor come in. These children don’t always receive adequate schooling, however, compared to children in the cities.